Abdominal pain, constipation and diarrhea are all typical symptoms of irritable
bowel syndrome (IBS). Other names for this disorder include irritable colon, mucous colitis, spastic colon or
spastic colitis, and nervous stomach. Although IBS is not dangerous, the symptoms can be very painful and
bothersome. Most people who have IBS have a mild form, which they can cope with quite well without getting any
treatment. But sometimes the symptoms are so strong that they significantly affect people’s everyday lives and
cause distress. There is no cure for IBS. Over time, though, many people find out what makes them feel better,
and what makes them feel worse. And various things can relieve the symptoms. Irritable Bowel Syndrome - IBS Home Remedy
The typical symptoms of IBS include constant stomach ache or lower
abdominal pain, abdominal cramps, as well as a change in the consistency of the stool. It tends to cause
constipation in women and diarrhea in men, but both sexes can have either form. Some people may have both
diarrhea and constipation. Feeling very full, flatulence (gas) or mucous discharge may also be signs of
IBS. These symptoms often go away on their own over time, but they can return after a while.
IBS mostly affects the large intestine. This is where the last phase of
digestion takes place. The muscles of the large intestine move the food mass, which is still quite soft at
first, slowly but steadily forward through the digestive tract. Extra water is taken out, and the
indigestible food mass thickens to form stool.
If the intestinal muscles move the food mass through
the intestine too quickly, the food mass does not lose enough water and people get diarrhea. If, on the
other hand, they transport the food mass too slowly, people might get constipation. If the intestinal
muscles contract violently, they might cause painful cramps.
Although the causes of IBS are not fully understood, there are many
theories. For example, it is thought that oversensitive nerves in the intestine, intestinal muscle
disorders and inflammations of the intestinal wall could all play a role. It has also been observed that
IBS is more common among people who have had an intestinal infection. Some people with irritable bowel
syndrome have more bacteria in their small intestine. A genetic predisposition may also play a role.
Psychological stress, dietary habits and food intolerances are thought to be possible triggers too. Yet for
many of these factors it is not clear whether they are a cause or result of IBS – and whether they actually
contribute to the symptoms.
Frequency of occurrence
IBS mostly affects people between 35 and 50 years of age. Including the
milder forms, about 14 out of 100 women and 9 out of 100 men are affected.
Several different medical criteria are used in the diagnosis of IBS.
According to specialist medical associations in Germany, someone is considered to have irritable bowel
But these symptoms could be caused by other things too, like lactose
intolerance (where people cannot digest dairy products properly). They may also be signs of gluten
intolerance (also called celiac disease or sprue). Gluten is a protein that is found in different types of
grains and many different foods. Blood tests and other tests can rule out that the symptoms are being
caused by these food intolerances. But people sometimes have both irritable bowel syndrome and a food
intolerance at the same time.
they have had symptoms such as stomach ache or flatulence for
more than three months, and those symptoms are being caused by the bowel and are usually
accompanied by change in the stool. Their frequency of bowel movements may change, or they
might have diarrhea or constipation.
they have experienced a noticeable decrease in quality of life
due to the symptoms.
there is no reason to believe that the symptoms are being caused
by another disease.
If you have any of the following symptoms as well, they are likely to be
caused by another bowel disease:
These could be signs of, for instance, an inflammatory bowel disease
such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease. Another possible cause is diverticulitis, an inflammation
caused by stool getting stuck in pockets in the bowel wall. Sudden severe abdominal pain could also be a
sign of gallstones.
significant weight loss
blood in the stool
Although it could be a sign of bowel cancer if you have digestive problems
together with symptoms such as blood in the stool, this disease is very rare in people under the age of
There is a lot of advice out there about what can help relieve irritable
bowel syndrome. Common recommendations include dietary changes or getting exercise. But most of this advice
has not been tested in high-quality studies. Something that helps one person may end up making things worse
for someone else. This means that trial and error is often the only way to see if something
For example, someone who thinks that a particular type of food is making
the symptoms worse can try to avoid eating it for a while. Some people say they have fewer symptoms when
they eat their meals in smaller portions throughout the day. Keeping a diary can help you figure out
whether doing specific things like exercising more or avoiding certain types of food have any effect. This
way you can record what you eat and do each day, as well as how strong the symptoms are, over a longer
period of time. It might be possible to recognize patterns over time.
There are also many different treatments that aim to relieve the symptoms
of IBS. Because the causes of IBS are not clear, it is difficult to find suitable treatments. But research
has suggested that at least some medications and treatments may help. Treatments for IBS
Because medications in particular can have a number of side effects and
can sometimes even make the symptoms worse, it is always worth carefully weighing the advantages and
Fiber supplements, for instance made from psyllium
Medication for diarrhea or constipation
Different medications, such as antibiotics or
Psychological treatments, such as stress management or
Irritable bowel syndrome: What can help? Irritable Bowel Syndrome -
IBS Home Remedy